Previous relevant history of infection, antibody testing, and vaccine administration (with dates/places). Parvovirus B19 usually infects children and causes the classic . Less common symptoms of parvovirus B19 infection include painful or swollen joints (polyarthropathy syndrome), which is more common in adults, and severe anemia (a condition in which the body doesn’t have enough healthy red blood cells). About half of pregnant women are immune to parvovirus B19, so they and their babies are usually protected from getting the virus and fifth disease. Less commonly, your child may experience aches in the knees or wrists.After 7 to 10 days of these first symptoms, the distinctive rash of fifth disease may appear. By age 30, about 60% of adults develop seropositivity from 5-10% in children aged 2-5 years. Parvovirus B19 spreads through respiratory secretions, such as saliva, sputum, or nasal mucus, when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Parvovirus B19 infects only humans. 2013 Mar 2;381(9868):776. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61894-7. Acute parvovirus B19 infection Lancet. Parvovirus B19 is a virus that causes several illnesses, including fifth disease — a common childhood ailment known for causing a red rash on the face. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. This can lead to severe anemia and other complications, but these are not very common. Rheum.TV is an informational platform created to educate patients living with a rheumatic disease. You can reduce your chance of being infected with parvovirus B19 or infecting others by, All healthcare providers and patients should strictly follow the infection control practices listed above to prevent parvovirus B19 from spreading. Acetaminophen or ibuprofen is effective for treating fever in patients with parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection. Joint pain and swelling in adults also usually resolve without long-term disability. It typically starts on the face, giving the child a “slapped cheek” appearance. Pets can be vaccinated to protect them from parvovirus infection. Parvovirus infection in childhood: The most common illness caused by parvovirus B19 is "fifth disease." This is not a routine test but can be performed in special circumstances. Any pregnant woman who may have been exposed to parvovirus B19 should contact their obstetrician or healthcare provider as soon as possible. It presents as a fever and a flat red skin rash on the face “slapped cheeks” and occasionally on the palms and soles of the feet. Parvovirus B19—which causes fifth disease—spreads through respiratory secretions, such as saliva, sputum, or nasal mucus, when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The IgM antibody should eventually clear and convert entirely over to IgG antibody. This disease is usually not a problem for pregnant women and their babies. The diagnosis of parvovirus B19 can be confirmed by a blood test. Parvovirus B19 infects only humans. Pet dogs and cats can get infected with other parvoviruses that do not infect humans. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. Your healthcare provider can do a blood test to determine if you are susceptible or possibly immune to parvovirus B19 infection or if you were recently infected. Recent studies have shown that parvovirus B19 can cause acute arthritis and occasionally a chronic arthropathy, both … In the U.S., people tend to get infected with parvovirus B19 more often in late winter, spring, and early summer. However, in some adults, the infection ca… Also, dogs and cats cannot get parvovirus B19 from an infected person. Top of Page, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. There are also animal parvoviruses, but they do not infect humans. 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