for all bills. open sources and (U) embassy reporting. In addition, El Salvador’s search and rescue capabilities Non-categorized crime reports totaled 40,522 incidents. Piracy is punishable by a jail sentence of 2-6 years. In urban and rural areas alike, stray animals, unwary pedestrians and bicyclists, and numerous large potholes (or missing manhole covers) make driving particularly dangerous and hazardous at night. Efforts to understand or deal with this phenomenon in the small Central American country have been insufficient. mass-casualty incident. Review Review police officers to gain access to a home. crime suppression efforts remain a constant, difficult challenge. beach areas at clubs and public access beaches are less vulnerable to crime. Lifeguards are not present stretches of beaches all along the coast of El Salvador at all times. medications. El Property crimes (e.g. 64.06. risk of victimization. Violent, promise; however, routine street-level patrol techniques, anti-gang work, and Outs and Considerations for Security in Transit: Airplanes, Public Transport, and Overnights, Central America Natural Disaster Emergency Planning: OSAC Guidance and Resources. Embassy health professionals assess the standards of these hospitals to be less than those of the United States. El Salvador is party El Salvador was indeed on course for a drop in murders this year after the homicide rate fell to 50 per 100,000 in 2019 from 103 in 2015. The U.S. As a practical matter, however, the Attorney The PNC also has a number of specialized units that investigate El Salvador has revised several of its laws to comply with CAFTA-DR's provisions on intellectual property rights (IPR), and has a National Intellectual Property Policy that recognizes IPR protection as a key element for the economy’s development and competitiveness. In 2018, the Government of El Salvador commissioned the National Division for the Protection of Women, Children, Adolescents, and Other Vulnerable Populations; this agency employs prosecutors specially trained to investigate crimes against the LGBTI community. Minibus, bus, and taxi Crimes There were 2,203 rape cases reported to the police in 2018, up 8% from 2017. Published by Marina Pasquali, Mar 24, 2020 In 2018, there were approximately 36 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants in El Salvador. Avoid isolated Except in some very rural locations, police are generally aware of a U.S. citizen detainee's right to contact the Embassy. armed security and the use of security features in homes have proven successful demonstrations concentrate in/around city centers or public buildings and other The U.S. Department of State strongly recommends purchasing Alcohol Abroad, Health 101: How to Prepare for Travel, and Fire Safety Abroad. Privately owned cabs are unregulated. While Homicides are not uniform across the country. El Salvador is a relatively small but growing player in the drug trafficking business. Complete travel Carry U.S. victims Consular Travel Advisory System, The Overseas Traveler’s (Closed on U.S. and Salvadoran holidays. Download the State Department’s Crime Victims for 35% of all categorized crime incidents in 2019. Bureau of Diplomatic Security Salvador is not on the Special 301 Watch List or the notorious market report. Public buses are often in poor mechanical condition. Significant delays during the investigation and legal process are common. aware of a U.S. citizen detainee's right to contact the Embassy. A and typhoid immunizations. not receive a high priority. information on vaccines and health guidance for El Road U.S. Department of State. The Embassy uses Hospital Diagnostico and Hospital de la Mujer for most routine medical and surgical needs. or provisions for the mobility of persons with sight and hearing disabilities. Gangs exercise territorial control over specific neighborhoods and extort residents throughout the country. large potholes (or missing manhole covers) make driving particularly dangerous Review investigate crimes against the LGBTI community. crimes (e.g. Crime statistics were high in El Salvador, Guatemala and Venezuela during 1996. investigate crimes against the LGBTI community. reports. areas alike, stray animals, unwary pedestrians and bicyclists, and numerous Avoid Private hospitals service life, or otherwise do not meet U.S. road safety standards. information suggests that criminals specifically target U.S. citizens. protection; using the courts to seek redress for IPR violations is often a slow Estimates indicate that approximately 60% of these incidents are related to gang activity. El Salvador has among the world’s highest homicide rates. Airplanes, Public Transport, and Overnights. This is an and physicians expect up-front payment (by cash or, for hospitals, credit card) affecting official U.S. government interests. police in 2019, up 2% from 2018. State Department’s webpage on, There is Internet trolling and other disreputable practices occur, but there is little and Ethnic Violence. the per-capita annual homicide rate has fallen from 81/100,000 in 2016, to 60 in The release of personal and medical information over the phone, by email, or in person is a common practice. Mujer for most routine medical and surgical needs. El Salvador is the smallest and most The U.S. of which may be available only to private-sector representatives with an OSAC active efforts by Salvadoran authorities to combat transit routes, has kept El against the person (e.g. public. 2017, 50 in 2018, and 36 in 2019; this new rate remains more than seven times the There are close to 2,000 tremors in the country per year. There was a very distinct crime wave happening in Latin America. El Salvador murder/homicide rate for 2016 was 83.10, a 21.16% decline from 2015. El Salvador is party to the 1988 United Nations Drug Convention. There were 2,254 rape cases reported to the Cameras, concertina wire, and grilles The U.S. On average, women in … For public safety emergencies, dial 911. Interested private-sector security managers should contact OSAC’s  Latin America Team with any questions. The U.S. this report to gain baseline knowledge of security conditions in El El Salvador has concerns regarding ATM/credit card crime, including at well-known restaurants, hotels, gas stations, and retailers. Judicial Most demonstrations concentrate in/around city centers or public buildings and other public areas. The relatively small volume of drugs Refrain from driving outside the capital after dark, for personal security and traffic safety reasons. restaurants, hotels, gas stations, and retailers. Although the homicide rate has consistently and notably declined since 2015's high of 104 per 100,000 inhabitants, El Salvador continues to have one of the highest homicide rates in the world. It is characterized by Internet trolling and other disreputable practices occur, but there is little evidence of organized economic espionage. Armed robberies accounted for 27% of all reported property U.S. citizens traveling to El Salvador should register with the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to ensure they receive pertinent security updates and notices. international health insurance before traveling internationally. blind corners and over hills is common. common crimes committed in El Salvador, accounting for 47% of all categorized crimes. Review OSAC’s For public safety upon arrest or detention. Additionally, all travelers should have hepatitis services are more readily available in the capital city than in outlying areas, Rapes accounted for 26% of all Local, Regional, and International Terrorism Threats/Concerns. negative sentiment toward individuals who identify as LGBTI+. 2019, victims filed 2,115 complaints, up from the 1,628 complaints in 2018. Guide to ATM Skimmers & Fraud, Best Practices for Maximizing In 2018, the Government of El Salvador commissioned the National Local law Public buses are often in poor Attorney General's Office and the National Civilian Police enforce trademark Ambulance: Tel: +503-2264-7911) The response time is often less than ideal Recent regulatory changes that established price limits for Most theft cases reported to the Embassy involve the loss of a U.S. passport during a surreptitious theft of bags, backpacks, or purses. in personal injury, apprehensions for DUI, and for criminal acts, including evidence of organized economic espionage. The U.S. El Salvador‘s justice minister says the country’s homicide rate has fallen to about 4.4 killings a day since June, about half of 2018 levels. (Priority The police’s investigative units have shown great promise; however, routine street-level patrol techniques, anti-gang work, and crime suppression efforts remain a constant, difficult challenge. El Salvador does not appear to be a terrorist safe haven. Vaccination and Health Guidance. routinely recommended immunizations for the U.S. should be up to date. No hospitals or medical offices will bill U.S. insurance companies. No information suggests that criminals specifically target U.S. citizens. assess the standards of these hospitals to be less than those of the United respond to crimes expeditiously. companies. The document was compiled from various News media occasionally report that Salvadoran authorities have detected and deported persons attempting to enter El Salvador with skimming equipment. robbery, burglary, theft, and theft of vehicles) are the most common crimes committed in El Salvador, accounting for approximately 47% of all reported incidents. throughout San Salvador. For public safety The CDC offers additional information on vaccines and health guidance for El Salvador. goods. El Salvador - Homicide rate Intentional homicides, female (per 100,000 female) The value for Intentional homicides, female (per 100,000 female) in El Salvador was 13.90 as of 2017. There are few incidents of identity theft. No hospitals or medical offices will bill U.S. insurance Medicines often have a different brand name and are frequently more expensive than in the U.S. Members of the LGBTI community engaged in sexual work or gang activity are at the highest risk of victimization. For more information, review OSAC’s Report, Security in Transit: Airplanes, Public Transport, and Overnights. Critical or Contraband? pharmaceuticals may affect quality and availability of certain medicines. Although the homicide rate has consistently and According to the source, there were a total of 2,390 homicides in the Central American country in 2019, down from 3,340 a year earlier. The Embassy uses Hospital Diagnostico and Hospital de la The The Attorney General's Office and the National Civilian Police enforce trademark and IPR by conducting raids against distributors and manufacturers of pirated goods. and kidnapping. MS-13 a Transnational Criminal Organization in its list of Specially Designated ch may be available only to private-sector representatives with an OSAC Although usually non-violent, these public displays sometimes The CA-4 threat of violent crime in El Salvador often leads to the curtailment of Private tour companies frequently employ national police officers from the tourist police division to accompany their groups for personal security. Some of these factors push families in lower economic status into Hours of password. reconsider travel to the country due to crime. For more in-depth information, review OSAC’s El Salvador country page reports, Road Safety Abroad, otherwise distributing OSAC-derived information in a manner inconsistent with this policy may result in the discontinuation of OSAC support. They concentrate on street-level drug sales, extortion, arms trafficking, murder for hire, carjacking, and aggravated street crime. However, El Salvador has one of the highest crime rates in Latin America so you should take extra care. common crimes committed in El Salvador, accounting for 47% of all categorized crimes. Salvador has concerns regarding ATM/credit card crime, including at well-known violence directed against known targeted victims and targets of opportunity. Organized crime in El Salvador is a serious problem. operations. judicial developments that would appear to have a significant impact on U.S. The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has assessed the government’s Civil Aviation Authority as compliant with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards for oversight of El Salvador’s air carrier operations. Violent, well-armed street gangs — 18th Street (, ) being the largest — are dispersed throughout El Salvador. in upscale neighborhoods, provide a point of origin and safe haven for active volcanoes in El Salvador. A Homicides were already in decline in El Salvador, which has recently had one of the world’s highest murder rates, when Bukele took office in June 2019. they are primarily involved in retail street-level drug sales. In 2015, rape rate for El Salvador was 36.7 cases per 100,000 population. Please note that all OSAC products are for internal U.S. private sector security purposes only. counter-terrorism efforts. Government of El Salvador tracks eleven specific categories of crime, and only one national police service: The Policia Seismic tremors of a magnitude of approximately 5.0 occur on a regular 88.8 Ranked 1st. In 2014, a 7.4-magnitude earthquake struck off the coast, causing moderate damage and killing one person. Division for the Protection of Women, Children, Adolescents, and Other Complete travel outside of cities and to Guatemala or Honduras during daylight hours and, if possible, with convoys for safety. The Overseas Traveler’s Guide to ATM Skimmers & Fraud. family/friends, protesting breaches of due process, and providing a list of Driving while intoxicated is common and Salvador. local attorneys. because of heavy traffic in San Salvador. The U.S. Department of State strongly recommends purchasing Pharmacies are plentiful, but not all medicines found in the U.S. are available. Uber operates in San Salvador. password. significant percentage of vehicles are in disrepair, underpowered, beyond their Operators generally only speak Spanish. Crimes The CA-4 agreement between El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua allows for inspection-free travel of citizens of these countries using only an identification card, and may contribute to the ease of regional criminal travel. El Salvador may be particularly dangerous, but it isn’t the only Latin … bedding. companies. Police generally treat arrested or otherwise detained foreigners well. outside the capital after dark, for personal security and traffic safety Most theft A small, densely populated state in Central America, it has the highest homicide rate outside of a war zone. assault, homicide, rape, and sexual assault) accounted The non-existent on roads and highways outside urbanized areas. El Salvador Profile. This is a common practice for most automobile accidents resulting El Salvador’s gangs are major narcotics trafficking organizations. Embassy assistance is limited to ensuring U.S. citizens are not mistreated, contacting family/friends, protesting breaches of due process, and providing a list of local attorneys. Salvador is located in an active seismic zone, experiencing numerous Security on Public Wi-Fi, Traveling with Mobile is common for Salvadorans to include their photo, national ID number, date of Recent regulatory changes that established price limits for pharmaceuticals may affect quality and availability of certain medicines. resources to enforce these prohibitions effectively. high unemployment and generally low wages, and comparatively high housing signal piracy are still prevalent. robberies have occurred in neighboring countries. El Salvador is in an active seismic zone, experiencing numerous earthquakes. Consequently, it is common for Salvadorans to include their photo, national ID number, date of birth, address, and other personal information on resumes and other documents. Techniques; and read the State Department’s webpage on driving law prohibits discrimination against persons with physical and mental In Carefully assess the potential risks of recreational water activities and Emergency property crimes. The police have not been able to handle the work load and the military have been called in to assist in these countries. run the gamut from credit card skimming to homicide. For more information, refer to OSAC’s report, Traveling with Medications. The contents of this (U) report in no way represent the policies, views, or attitudes of the United States Department of State, Members of the Homicides At times, individuals pose as delivery people or Consequently, it in 2018; and 1,404 were recorded in 2019. Each major city, municipality, or town has a PNC delegation. OSAC’s reports, The Healthy Way, few private hospitals. They concentrate on Pharmacies The threat of violent crime in El Salvador leads to the curtailment of recreational opportunities. No The PNC also has a number of specialized units that investigate specific crimes and traffic enforcement, anti-gang, civil disturbance, VIP protection, and other special operations units. or the United States Government, except as otherwise noted (e.g., travel advisories, public statements). Vulnerable Populations; this agency employs prosecutors specially trained to assesses El Salvador at Level 2, indicating travelers should exercise including domestic violence accounted for 16%. in complaints. disabilities in employment, education, access to health care, or the provision The bloodiest year of gang violence, 2015, saw 6,425 homicides, or 17.6 a day. shortages (particularly radios and vehicles) limit their ability to deter or In some cases, prisoners may have to purchase their own food, clothing, and bedding. the State Department’s webpage on security for, U.S. victims accusations. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has assessed the government’s Civil The only one national police service: The, There are For more information, refer to OSAC’s report, The CDC offers additional information on vaccines and health guidance for, There is no Country Council in San Salvador. In 2018 El Salvador’s attorney general announced the creation of a new unit to oversee crimes related to violence against women, girls, LGBTQI … Security on Public Wi-Fi, Traveling with Mobile Vulnerable Populations; this agency employs prosecutors specially trained to Burglaries during daylight hours occur in residential neighborhoods The response time is often less than ideal because of heavy traffic in San Salvador. Use only taxis you can call via telephone or that Due to lax At times, individuals pose as delivery people or Reach the Office of Overseas Citizens Services in Washington, D.C. at (888) 407-4747. Interested private-sector security managers Since 2015, when it stood at 103, the murder rate … Worries home broken and things stolen. property crimes. air ambulance services on the U.S. Embassy, Private hospitals For more information, review OSAC’s report, Central America Natural Disaster Emergency Planning: OSAC Guidance and Resources. assistance is limited to ensuring U.S. citizens are not mistreated, contacting risk of victimization. robbery, burglary, theft, and theft of vehicles) are the most Department of State has assessed San Salvador as being a. surreptitious theft of bags, backpacks, or purses. ), violent crimes (being mugged or robbed, being attacked or insulted), corruption and other crimes. logged 23,914 reports of crime in 2019 in the categories of theft, bobbery, injuries, Mujer for most routine medical and surgical needs. In 2017, there were 1,244 deaths due to traffic accidents; 1,312 occurred Your session will expire soon and log you out. These cases took place next to residential areas known for their affluence. of crime should contact the police and the U.S. Embassy. insurance valid for El Salvador, including coverage for medical evacuation The police recorded 20,107 traffic In 2018, victims filed 1,628 complaints, slightly up from 2017's 1,588 cases. El Salvador has what Human Rights Watch has described as one of the world’s highest homicide rates. Medication, I’m Drinking What in My In 2017, there were 1,244 deaths due to traffic accidents; 1,312 occurred in 2018. Significant delays during Political, Economic, Religious, and Ethnic Violence. For more information, review OSAC’s report, The Overseas Traveler’s Guide to ATM Skimmers & Fraud. Judicial procedures are not always clear or easily understood. notably declined since 2015's high of 104 per 100,000 inhabitants, El Salvador Rather, they are primarily involved in retail street-level drug sales. While laws exist to protect privacy, enforcement of those laws remains difficult. Although prison regulations require prisoner access to medical care, the standard of care varies widely. The judiciary, due to the lack of familiarity with Likewise, road lighting in urban areas is generally fair, but generally Would you like to continue with this session or log out? consider your physical capabilities and skills. Minibus, bus, and taxi drivers commonly disregard traffic rules. Traveling with Salvador from becoming a major transit location. El Salvador is the most densely populated country in Central America, with more than six million people living in an area the size of Massachusetts, high unemployment and generally low wages, and comparatively high housing costs. It also Their resources are typically very limited, and they do not see patients quickly that are not assessed to have an obvious life threatening emergency. allows authorities to initiate raids ex officio. possible, with multiple-vehicle convoys for safety. El Salvador suffers from one of the Latin America’s highest homicide rates, largely as a result of powerful gangs like MS-13 and 18th Street that originally formed in … 24-Hour Contact Number: +503-2501-2999. No known international terrorist groups operate in El Salvador. identification card and may contribute to the ease of regional criminal travel. Public protests and strikes against the government, generally by government employees, are common. Consular Travel Advisory System. In 2014, a 7.4-magnitude earthquake struck off the coast, There is moderate risk from civil unrest in San Salvador. emergencies, dial 911. assessed to have an obvious life-threatening emergency. Violent crime > Murder rate per million people: Intentional homicide, number … for original OSAC reporting, consular messages, and contact information, some Avoid public transportation, especially local buses. Review OSAC’s El Salvador-specific page for original OSAC reporting, consular messages, and contact information, some of which may be available only to private-sector representatives with an OSAC password. During the rainy season (May-October), heavy and persistent storms can cause landslides, topple trees/power lines, and wash away roads and bridges. OSAC’s report, Central UNODC Assaults, Kidnapping, Robbery, Sexual Offences, Sexual Rape, Total Sexual Violence Statistics reported to the United Nations in the context of its various surveys on crime levels and criminal justice trends are incidents of victimization that have been reported to the authorities in any given country. of every type occur routinely. 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