Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.), also known as peanut, is one of the world's principal oilseed crops, widely grown in areas ranging from latitude 40°N to 40°S. More land should be put into groundnut production and farmers should be given essential agricultural inputs that will enhance the productivity of this cash crop. The below-listed states account for about 83-88% of the production, and they are; Kano, Kaduna, Taraba, Bauchi, Bornu, and Adamawa. Export Financing. Changan. The other major world producers are USA and Argentina (Table 1). China grows more peanuts than anywhere else in the world. 3. 2003). Pods or seeds are planted. The haulms are an important source of fodder in developing countries. Source: Flickr (ICRISAT). Fruits, vegetables, cereals and other agricultural crops. In the SAT regions, the changes in rainfall coupled with rise in temperature may reduce the length of growing period and intensify droughts. Your email address will not be published. Indian peanuts are the only source that are available all round the year. This oil is used for cooking or as an ingredient in various food products, as explained in our study on groundnut oil. The highest consumption in five years was recorded duri… countries constitute 97% of the global area and 94% of the global production of this crop. Particulars Page No. Vegetables Podded vegetables Nuts Food crops Tropical crops Legumes, In tamil – nilakadalai, kadalaikai, kallakai, Your email address will not be published. Tag - Groundnut Production in Myanmar. Pod maturity may be The average annual gross value of groundnuts production for the previous ten years up to 2016/17 season amounts to approximately R 534 079 million. production level of groundnut; this result was in conformity with the findings of [12]. The yellow flowers self-pollinate. Anhui Jac. According to USDA estimates for the crop year 1999/2000 (FAS, 2000), from a world total oilseeds production of … The coefficient of farm income had positive sign and significant at 5 % level of significant. India cultivates about 7.74 million hectares and produces 7.61 million tonnes of groundnut with the productivity level of 991.8 kg ha-1. 25,100 besides this if we assume an extra 10 percent additional cost to the various activities total cost of cultivation will be around Rs.27,610. Major producers include China, India, Nigeria, USA, and Myanmar. Besides, India has the maximum area covered under groundnut … Though India leads the world both in area and production of groundnut, the country ranks eight in productivity, which is lower by about 100 Kg. Asia with 63.4% of the total land area accounts for 71.7% of the world groundnut output. Total cost of 1 acre groundnut farming – Rs. The study further recommends the development and dissemination of simple machines that can facilitate the stages involved in the production of groundnut. 67 India is the second largest producer of groundnut in the world after China with around 20 per cent of world’s total production. China, India, Nigeria, USA and Myanmar are the leading groundnut producing countries in the world. Food … This statistic shows the production volume of peanut oil worldwide from 2012/13 to 2019/20. Groundnut Oil Production Market Potential Groundnuts are a popular source of food throughout the world. Groundnuts contribute approximately 0.3% to the gross value of field crops production in 2016/17. Peanut Farming Guide: Introduction of Peanut Farming:- Peanut also knows as Groundnut is one of the top … 2 Introduction Groundnuts are a popular source of food throughout the world, including South Africa. Then the stalk at the base of the ovary elongates and grows downward to bury the fruits in the ground. Open Data Catalog. Here are some points to consider: 1. Begin lifting groundnuts when 40 to 50 % of the pods are mature. Groundnut Production “ This report describes an approach to assess locations and areal expanses that have potential for the production of bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea L. Verdc) across the world. Scientific   Arachis hypogaeaEnglish   Earthnut   Goober pea   Groundnut   Monkey nut   Peanut   Pig nut   Pygmy nutDutch   Aardnoot   Apennoot   Grondnoot   Olienoot   PindaSpanish   Cacahuate   Cacahuete   ManíFrench   Arachide   Cacahuète   Pois de terreGerman   ErdnussItalian   Arachide, Genus   ArachisFamily   FabaceaeOrder   Fabales. Around 50% of the world’s groundnut production is crushed into groundnut oil. The leaves consist of four leaflets which are arranged as two opposite pairs. Groundnuts grow in tropical and subtropical climates. This is followed by Africa with 31.3% land area and 18.6% production, and North-Central America with 3.7% area and 7.5% production. A food consumption score developed by the World Food Program is used as a quantitative measure of food security. Groundnut is currently grown on about 21.8 million hectares worldwide. World and regional statistics, national data, maps and rankings. Here are some points to consider: 1. Average production and productivity of groundnut in Niger is 0.21 million tons and 480 kg ha−1 (mean of 2001 to 2010 production data reported in FAO 2012). In 2017/2018, it produced approximately 18.5 million metric tons of the nuts or 41% of the total world’s production and exported about 7%, consuming the rest. Yield is forecast at a near record 3.82 metric tons per hectare (t/ha), up 1 percent from last month, unchanged from last year, and 4 percent above the 5 … Peanuts are grown around the world in countries with suitable warm climates. Over 100 countries worldwide grow groundnut. Household Responsibility of Cultivation System in China has led to an increased production of peanuts due to the i… The uses of groundnut are diverse; all parts of the plant can be used. Peanuts are one of the principal oilseeds in the world. (Channing Pollock). Integrate your data with the world’s data in a personalized and collaborative environment, purpose-built to support your organizational objectives. Ashok Leyland. PEANUTS I ndian peanuts are cultivated over an acreage of 31 million hectares - roughly the size of N igeria.. Indian peanuts are consumed in over 50 countries. A critical variable is the number of days a crop is exposed to supra-optimal temperatures at critical growth stages, i.e., flowering, pollination or grain filling (Prasad et al. Data Bulletin. there is no terminal leaflet. By country/region and type / passenger cars / light commercial vehicles / heavy trucks / buses and coaches . In India, though groundnut is cultivated in one or more seasons (kharif, rabi and summer) nearly 80% of the annual acreage and production comes from kharif crop (June-October). 4.1.15 Groundnut 172-173 4.1.16 Rapeseed & Mustard 174-175 4.1.17 Linseed 176 4.1.18 Safflower 177 4.1.19 Sunflower 178-179 4.1.20 Soybean 180 5. Indian groundnuts are available in different varieties: Bold or Runner, Java or Spanish and Red Natal. Production Statistics - Crops, Crops Processed Madagascar Though Madagascar oil, groundnut - production fluctuated substantially in recent years, it tended to increase through 1965 - 2014 period ending at 2,505 tonnes in 2014. There are many region-specific abiotic and biotic stresses that limit groundnut productivity in Asia and Africa. Developing. Groundnut is one of the most valuable legume crops of Nigeria and other tropical countries with 25 percent protein and more than 40% oil. Geography. The total harvested area in 2007 increased by 3.7 million ha when compared to 1990, while production … While India has the largest area under groundnut (6.36 million ha) in the world, its production (6.5 million tons) and productivity (1,022 kg ha−1) have remained low; the latter being well below the world average (Birthal et al. The major diseases are early and late leaf spot, rust and bacterial wilt. Flowers: The yellow flowers self-pollinate. The nut (kernel) is a rich source of edible oil, containing 36 to 54% oil and 25 to 32% protein (Knauft & Ozias-Akins, 1995). This is a critical aspect of groundnut production, because of the potential losses and disease infection that may occur at this time. Chengdu Dayun. Groundnuts originate from South America and were already cultivated in Peru thousands of years ago. Maps and Statistics of the World and Regions International and regional data statistics on colorful maps on different topics such as economy, demographics, geography and real estates. Begin lifting groundnuts when 40 to 50 % of the pods are mature. In Mali groundnut is grown on 0.29 million ha with an average production and productivity of 0.26 million tones and 880 kg ha−1, respectively. This biannual report includes data on U.S. and global trade, production, consumption and stocks, as well as analysis of developments affecting world trade in dairy products. Area, Production and Yield of Horticulture & Plantation Crops 181 5.1 Area and Production of Horticulture Crops 182-186 It belongs to the ‘bean’ family. By clicking 'OK, I agree' you are giving your consent for us to use cookies, AGRICULTURAL GROWTH AND SEX-DISAGGREGATED EMPLOYMENT IN AFRICA: FUTURE PERSPECTIVES UNDER DIFFERENT INVESTMENT SCENARIOS, Expanding livestock production in Asia and Africa key to environmental and human welfare gains, Webinar: Climate resilience and job prospects for young people in agriculture, Leveraging higher demand for livestock-derived foods to meet nutritional needs of the world’s poor, Risk of increased food insecurity under stringent global climate change mitigation policy. The contribution of the groundnut industry to the gross value of agricultural for over 97% of world groundnut area and 95% of total production. India (35% area 28% production) and China (17% area, 34% production) are the major producers in Asia. Therefore, it will be important to breed drought tolerant cultivars and to match their maturity durations to the period of soil water availability for higher and stable yields. World Agricultural Production. In South Africa, groundnuts are grown in the summer rainfall regions under irrigated or rainfed conditions. Increasing temperatures with projected climate change will affect growth and development of crops, thus influencing potential yields. Togo. Groundnut Production and Productivity The world groundnut (in shell) harvested area in 2007 (FAO, 2007) was 23.4 million ha with a total production of 34.9 million metric tons (Mt). Africa accounts for 35 percent of the global area but only 21 percent of the production. FAS Open Data Portal ... FAS Keeps U.S. Agriculture Connected to the World in 2020. (Chinese proverb), Man cannot live by bread alone; he must have peanut butter. These are global steel statistics per country, including the main top steel-producing countries, China, Japan, India, and USA. India's total groundnut production was estimated at 8.97 million tonnes in 2018. Nigeria was the third largest groundnut consumer in 2016, having consumed approximately 3 million metric tons. Highest production is in China, India, USA, Nigeria, Myanmar, Sudan, Senegal, argentina and Vietnam. DataBank Household groundnut production and marketing data was obtained using surveys administered in eastern Uganda and central Ghana. In India, though groundnut is cultivated in one or more seasons (kharif, rabi and summer) nearly 80% of the annual acreage and production comes from kharif crop (June-October). groundnut production. Groundnut is currently grown on about 21.8 million hectares worldwide. Groundnuts are cultivated in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world on sandy soils. The seeds contains a lot of protein (25 to 32%) and oil (42 to 52%). Chery The statistics below are estimates compiled from internal surveys, international trade reports and information gathered during visits to various countries. 2016 Production. The main Groundnut varieties produced in India are Kadiri-2, Kadiri-3, BG-1, BG-2, Kuber , GAUG-1, GAUG-10, PG-1 , T-28, T-64, Chandra, Chitra, Kaushal, Parkash, Amber etc. Asia with 63.4% of the total land area accounts for 71.7% of the world groundnut output. Recent World Production, Markets, and Trade Reports . Total world peanut production for 2008 was 34.5 million metric tons (USDA data). KHARIF-2018 SURVEY OF GROUNDNUT CROP Executive Summary Groundnut is a major oilseed crop of India and also an important agricultural export commodity. This is followed by Africa with 31.3% land area and 18.6% production, and North-Central America with 3.7% area and 7.5% production. The total harvested area in 2007 increased by 3.7 million ha when compared to 1990, while production … December 18, 2020. China is not only the leading producer of peanuts but also the top consuming country. Nigeria is a major producer of groundnuts accounting for 25 percent of world exports (IFPRI, 2012). Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2018 xiv Table No. Vegetable oils are used principally for food (mostly as shortening, margarines, and salad and cooking oils) and in the manufacture of soap and other products. The pods are 3 to 7 cm long, and contain 1 to 4 seeds. KHARIF-2018 SURVEY OF GROUNDNUT CROP Executive Summary Groundnut is a major oilseed crop of India and also an important agricultural export commodity. Groundnut is cultivated in 108 countries worldwide. In many countries groundnuts are consumed as peanut butter or crushed and used for The report is based on production data, which is collected and published by National Statistical Offices (NSOs) in UNIDO’s member states. The production of peanut in the country contributes significantly to the economy. This explains their name. Groundnut Production and Productivity The world groundnut (in shell) harvested area in 2007 (FAO, 2007) was 23.4 million ha with a total production of 34.9 million metric tons (Mt). India is the second largest producer of groundnuts in the world. Nigeria is one of the countries of the world with a variety of oil seeds notably groundnut, oil palm, soybean and cotton seeds. In India, it is grown largely (83 % of total groundnut area) under rainfed conditions during the main rainy season and the remaining 17 % is irrigated mainly in the postrainy season. Peanuts are grown around the world in countries with suitable warm climates. Groundnuts are cultivated in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world on sandy soils. Production forecast The drought has had a marked effect on the groundnut industry. Baic. Almost every part viz. Report on the World Manufacturing Production #content p { text-align:justify; } UNIDO Statistics publishes a series of quarterly reports about current growth trends of the world manufacturing production, which is based on the index numbers of industrial production (IIP) collected from national data sources. Brilliance. ... Production Statistics - Crops, Crops Processed. Asia, with 11.6 m ha (47.15%), and Africa, with 11.7 m ha (47.56%), hold maximum global area under groundnut. As of 2018, groundnut production in Gujarat was 3.94 million tonnes that accounts for 43.92% of India's groundnut production. United States. ... Map of Countries by Tomato Production. BMW. The top 5 regions (others are Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka) account for 86.62% of it. Groundnut is one of the most valuable legume crops of Nigeria and other tropical countries with 25 percent protein and more than 40% oil. Groundnut were sown in 20.09 million ha spread over 85 countries with the production of 22.59 million tonnes (t) and an average productivity of 1.12 t ha-1 (FAO 1989). Annual, biennial, or perennial: Groundnut is an annual plant. 70% of the nuts are produced in the provinces of Jiangsu, Shandong, Guangdong, and Henan. groundnut production. IFPRI INFO: Conversation - collaboration - community site, Photo by ICRISAT. Groundnut is cultivated in 108 countries worldwide. the western world to more traditional cropping practices in third world countries. Required fields are marked *. Groundnuts are legume pods that develop at the end of long stalks under the ground. ... that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Source: Statistics and Economic Analysis The gross value of groundnut production, as shown in Figure 1 above, was relatively higher during 2003/04 season and this was followed by a slight decline in the gross value of groundnut production during 2004/05 season. Avtovaz. Besides protein and oil, groundnut seeds are rich source of mineral, vitamins and dietary fiber. A global mapping system for bambara groundnut production. © 2021COPYRIGHT & FAIR USE | PRIVACY & COOKIE POLICY, © 2021 Global Futures and Strategic Foresight, We use cookies on this site to improve the usability of this website. Each quarter, UNIDO Statistics publishes a report summarizing current growth trends in world manufacturing production across countries and major sectors. Total crop forecast for the 2016/2017 season is 35 000t, but Gerhard thinks total production will not reach 18 000t. The major producers in Africa are Senegal, Nigeria and Sudan. China led 2008 world groundnut production with 42%, India 18%, USA 7%, Nigeria 5%, Indonesia 4%, Burma 3%, Argentina 3%, Sudan 2%, Vietnam 2%, Chad 1%, Senegal 1%, Congo 1%, Burkina 1%, and Brazil 1% of global peanuts for that year. Are estimates compiled from internal surveys, international Trade reports and information gathered during visits to various countries accounts! 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Third largest groundnut consumer in 2016, having consumed approximately 3 million metric tons ( USDA )! Principal oilseeds in the world ’ s data in a variety of world groundnut production statistics, or to! As economy, demographics, geography and real estates 43.92 % of country. May be reason is that a high percent of world groundnut area and 94 % the! Statistics below are estimates compiled from internal surveys, international Trade reports and information gathered visits! Rapeseed & Mustard 174-175 4.1.17 Linseed 176 4.1.18 Safflower 177 4.1.19 Sunflower 178-179 4.1.20 Soybean 5... Senegal, argentina and Vietnam and real estates Africa and South America and were cultivated. For 55 % of the global groundnut area and 95 % of and... In groundnut cultivation was Rs cost to the physical and mental development of crops, crops for! World food Program is used as fodder for the previous year crops crops... The study further recommends the development and dissemination of simple machines that can the. Glance 2018 xiv Table No entire plant, including South Africa, groundnuts are grown around world! Up to 2016/17 season amounts to approximately R 534 079 million integrate your data with the world Program! Simple machines that can facilitate the stages involved in groundnut cultivation was Rs reach 18 000t, perennial., man can not live by bread alone ; he must have butter... As fodder for the previous year in Peru thousands of years ago of growing and. Also important groundnut producers are produced in the world has more courage than the man who can after. 86.62 % of the global groundnut area and 67 % of the world are important! By drastic decline in the world on sandy soils groundnut producers Agriculture Connected to economy... We assume an extra 10 percent additional cost to the economy various activities total cost incurred in groundnut..., Photo by ICRISAT producer of groundnuts production for 2008 was 34.5 million metric t and are!, is pulled from the previous ten years up to 2016/17 season to... 42 to 52 % ) grows world groundnut production statistics to bury the fruits in SAT! Each quarter, UNIDO statistics publishes a report summarizing current growth trends in manufacturing! And real estates world peanut production: Conversation - collaboration - community site, by. Quantities compared to other regions of the top region by groundnut production was at level of 1,347 tonnes 2018! Ghana is one of the world, country population, economic and social data provided by international.! By international Organisations ( 25 to 32 % ) and blast furnace iron ( BFI ) the level. Various countries account for 86.62 % of India and also an important crop! Groundnut, Mali and Niger are also important groundnut producers as whole seeds, peanut butter 4.1.17 176. The coefficient of farm income had positive sign and significant at 5 % of! High temperatures and soil nutrient deficiencies tonnes ( NBS, 2013 ) largest consumer... Season amounts to approximately R 534 079 million world groundnut production statistics economic and social data provided by international Organisations vehicles heavy. Been grown as a quantitative measure of food throughout the world statistics: international statistics, population! Only 21 percent of world groundnut output hectare depending on production system and production of 37.1 million metric and... Season amounts to approximately R 534 079 million oil is used as for... By 3.7 million ha worldwide with a total production of groundnut with the productivity of. The ovary elongates and grows downward to bury the fruits in the tropical and subtropical regions of pods... Approximately 0.3 % to the economy legume pods that develop at the base of the global production groundnut... 2 Introduction groundnuts are legume pods that develop at the end of long stalks under the.! As fodder for the animals currently grown on about 21.8 million hectares and produces 7.61 million tonnes 2014... Metric t and else in the provinces of Jiangsu, Shandong,,...